Carol Camlin, PhD, MPH

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(415) 597-9217

1330 Broadway St
Oakland, CA 94612

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  • Associate Professor, School of Medicine
  • CFAR Mentor

Biography

I am a social demographer and behavioral scientist in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, with a joint appointment in the Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at UCSF. Collectively, my research program crosses the disciplines of population studies, sociology and behavioral sciences, and has focused on examining the impacts of population mobility on HIV prevention and care outcomes. I have conducted several studies examining, in particular, the overlooked contribution of women’s mobility to the sustained HIV epidemics in southern and eastern Africa. I am Principal Investigator of the study “Understanding mobility and risk in SEARCH communities”, which examines the impact of population mobility on HIV transmission dynamics and care cascade outcomes in 12 communities participating in the Sustainable East Africa Research in Community Health (SEARCH) trial. I also lead as co-PI the study "Self-Test Strategies and Linkage Incentives to Improve ART and PrEP Uptake in Men", which tests a combination intervention to improve the HIV prevention and care cascades in a population of highly mobile men in a high priority setting (fishermen in Kenya). I contribute expertise in applying mixed methods approaches and behavioral and social theory within HIV intervention and implementation studies as Investigator of several randomized controlled trials in health systems and communities in sub-Saharan Africa. I have used qualitative research methods to design mHealth interventions in Kenya and Uganda, and have conducted research on structural and cultural aspects of health services utilization and other behaviors among HIV-infected patients in the region.

Displaying 1 - 58 of 58

  1. Gitahi N, Camlin C, Mwania V, Ngure K, Auerswald C, Bukusi E. Psychosocial needs among older perinatally infected adolescents living with HIV and transitioning to adult care in Kenya. PLoS One. 2020; 15(7):e0233451. View on Pubmed
  2. Camlin CS, Koss CA, Getahun M, Owino L, Itiakorit H, Akatukwasa C, Maeri I, Bakanoma R, Onyango A, Atwine F, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Mwangwa F, Atukunda M, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Cohen CR, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV. Understanding Demand for PrEP and Early Experiences of PrEP Use Among Young Adults in Rural Kenya and Uganda: A Qualitative Study. AIDS Behav. 2020 Jul; 24(7):2149-2162. View on Pubmed
  3. Clouse K, Phillips TK, Camlin C, Noholoza S, Mogoba P, Naidoo J, Langford R, Weiss M, Seebregts CJ, Myer L. CareConekta: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a mobile health intervention to improve engagement in postpartum HIV care in South Africa. Trials. 2020 Mar 12; 21(1):258. View on Pubmed
  4. Koss CA, Charlebois ED, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Balzer LB, Atukunda M, Mwangwa F, Peng J, Mwinike Y, Owaraganise A, Chamie G, Jain V, Sang N, Olilo W, Brown LB, Marquez C, Zhang K, Ruel TD, Camlin CS, Rooney JF, Black D, Clark TD, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Uptake, engagement, and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis offered after population HIV testing in rural Kenya and Uganda: 72-week interim analysis of observational data from the SEARCH study. Lancet HIV. 2020 04; 7(4):e249-e261. View on Pubmed
  5. Brown LB, Balzer LB, Kabami J, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Ayieko J, Chen Y, Chamie G, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi E, Kamya MR, Moody J, Havlir DV, Petersen ML. The Influence of Social Networks on Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among HIV-Infected Antiretroviral Therapy-Naive Youth in Rural Kenya and Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 01 01; 83(1):9-15. View on Pubmed
  6. Ndyabakira A, Getahun M, Byamukama A, Emperador D, Kabageni S, Marson K, Kwarisiima D, Chamie G, Thirumurthy H, Havlir D, Kamya MR, Camlin CS. Leveraging incentives to increase HIV testing uptake among men: qualitative insights from rural Uganda. BMC Public Health. 2019 Dec 30; 19(1):1763. View on Pubmed
  7. Balzer LB, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Chamie G, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Koss CA, Kwarisiima D, Ayieko J, Sang N, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Jain V, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, van der Laan M, Petersen ML. Machine learning to identify persons at high-risk of HIV acquisition in rural Kenya and Uganda. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Nov 07. View on Pubmed
  8. Camlin CS, Charlebois ED. Mobility and its Effects on HIV Acquisition and Treatment Engagement: Recent Theoretical and Empirical Advances. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2019 08; 16(4):314-323. View on Pubmed
  9. Havlir DV, Balzer LB, Charlebois ED, Clark TD, Kwarisiima D, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Sang N, Liegler T, Chamie G, Camlin CS, Jain V, Kadede K, Atukunda M, Ruel T, Shade SB, Ssemmondo E, Byonanebye DM, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Olilo W, Black D, Snyman K, Burger R, Getahun M, Achando J, Awuonda B, Nakato H, Kironde J, Okiror S, Thirumurthy H, Koss C, Brown L, Marquez C, Schwab J, Lavoy G, Plenty A, Mugoma Wafula E, Omanya P, Chen YH, Rooney JF, Bacon M, van der Laan M, Cohen CR, Bukusi E, Kamya MR, Petersen M. HIV Testing and Treatment with the Use of a Community Health Approach in Rural Africa. N Engl J Med. 2019 07 18; 381(3):219-229. View on Pubmed
  10. Camlin CS, Akullian A, Neilands TB, Getahun M, Bershteyn A, Ssali S, Geng E, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Maeri I, Eyul P, Petersen ML, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED. Gendered dimensions of population mobility associated with HIV across three epidemics in rural Eastern Africa. Health Place. 2019 05; 57:339-351. View on Pubmed
  11. Brown LB, Getahun M, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Owaraganise A, Atukunda M, Olilo W, Clark T, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. Factors predictive of successful retention in care among HIV-infected men in a universal test-and-treat setting in Uganda and Kenya: A mixed methods analysis. PLoS One. 2019; 14(1):e0210126. View on Pubmed
  12. Koss CA, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Balzer LB, Plenty A, Sang N, Kabami J, Ruel TD, Black D, Camlin CS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Clark TD, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Early Adopters of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Preexposure Prophylaxis in a Population-based Combination Prevention Study in Rural Kenya and Uganda. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 11 28; 67(12):1853-1860. View on Pubmed
  13. Camlin CS, Seeley J. Qualitative research on community experiences in large HIV research trials: what have we learned? J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 10; 21 Suppl 7:e25173. View on Pubmed
  14. Ayieko J, Brown L, Anthierens S, Van Rie A, Getahun M, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Clark TD, Kamya MR, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Havlir DV, Camlin CS. "Hurdles on the path to 90-90-90 and beyond": Qualitative analysis of barriers to engagement in HIV care among individuals in rural East Africa in the context of test-and-treat. PLoS One. 2018; 13(8):e0202990. View on Pubmed
  15. Chamie G, Schaffer EM, Ndyabakira A, Emperador DM, Kwarisiima D, Camlin CS, Havlir DV, Kahn JG, Kamya MR, Thirumurthy H. Comparative effectiveness of novel nonmonetary incentives to promote HIV testing. AIDS. 2018 07 17; 32(11):1443-1451. View on Pubmed
  16. Camlin CS, Cassels S, Seeley J. Bringing population mobility into focus to achieve HIV prevention goals. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 07; 21 Suppl 4:e25136. View on Pubmed
  17. Cassels S, Camlin CS, Seeley J. One step ahead: timing and sexual networks in population mobility and HIV prevention and care. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 07; 21 Suppl 4:e25140. View on Pubmed
  18. Camlin CS, Akullian A, Neilands TB, Getahun M, Eyul P, Maeri I, Ssali S, Geng E, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Odeny T, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED. Population mobility associated with higher risk sexual behaviour in eastern African communities participating in a Universal Testing and Treatment trial. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 07; 21 Suppl 4:e25115. View on Pubmed
  19. Leidich A, Achiro L, Kwena ZA, McFarland W, Neilands TB, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Camlin CS. Methods for sampling geographically mobile female traders in an East African market setting. PLoS One. 2018; 13(1):e0190395. View on Pubmed
  20. Camlin CS, Charlebois ED, Geng E, Semitala F, Wallenta J, Getahun M, Kampiire L, Bukusi EA, Sang N, Kwarisiima D, Clark TD, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Redemption of the "spoiled identity:" the role of HIV-positive individuals in HIV care cascade interventions. J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 12; 20(4). View on Pubmed
  21. Semitala FC, Camlin CS, Wallenta J, Kampiire L, Katuramu R, Amanyire G, Namusobya J, Chang W, Kahn JG, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Geng EH. Understanding uptake of an intervention to accelerate antiretroviral therapy initiation in Uganda via qualitative inquiry. J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 12; 20(4). View on Pubmed
  22. Akullian A, Bershteyn A, Jewell B, Camlin CS. The missing 27. AIDS. 2017 11 13; 31(17):2427-2429. View on Pubmed
  23. Camlin CS, El Ayadi AM, Kwena ZA, McFarland W, Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. High Mobility and HIV Prevalence Among Female Market Traders in East Africa in 2014. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 04 15; 74(5):e121-e128. View on Pubmed
  24. Amanyire G, Semitala FC, Namusobya J, Katuramu R, Kampiire L, Wallenta J, Charlebois E, Camlin C, Kahn J, Chang W, Glidden D, Kamya M, Havlir D, Geng E. Effects of a multicomponent intervention to streamline initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Africa: a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. Lancet HIV. 2016 11; 3(11):e539-e548. View on Pubmed
  25. Cassels S, Camlin CS. Geographical mobility and heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic. Lancet HIV. 2016 08; 3(8):e339-e341. View on Pubmed
  26. Camlin CS, Seeley J, Viljoen L, Vernooij E, Simwinga M, Reynolds L, Reis R, Plank R, Orne-Gliemann J, McGrath N, Larmarange J, Hoddinott G, Getahun M, Charlebois ED, Bond V. Strengthening universal HIV 'test-and-treat' approaches with social science research. AIDS. 2016 Mar 27; 30(6):969-70. View on Pubmed
  27. Camlin CS, Neilands TB, Odeny TA, Lyamuya R, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Braitstein P, Somi G, Kambugu A, Bukusi EA, Glidden DV, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Wenger M, Geng EH. Patient-reported factors associated with reengagement among HIV-infected patients disengaged from care in East Africa. AIDS. 2016 Jan 28; 30(3):495-502. View on Pubmed
  28. Maeri I, El Ayadi A, Getahun M, Charlebois E, Akatukwasa C, Tumwebaze D, Itiakorit H, Owino L, Kwarisiima D, Ssemmondo E, Sang N, Kabami J, Clark TD, Petersen M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya M, Havlir D, Camlin CS. "How can I tell?" Consequences of HIV status disclosure among couples in eastern African communities in the context of an ongoing HIV "test-and-treat" trial. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:59-66. View on Pubmed
  29. Thirumurthy H, Jakubowski A, Camlin C, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Elly A, Mwai D, Clark T, Cohen C, Bukusi E, Kamya M, Petersen M, Havlir D, Charlebois ED. Expectations about future health and longevity in Kenyan and Ugandan communities receiving a universal test-and-treat intervention in the SEARCH trial. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:90-8. View on Pubmed
  30. Reynolds LJ, Camlin CS, Ware NC, Seeley J. Exploring critical questions for the implementation of "universal test and treat" approaches to HIV prevention and care. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:1-6. View on Pubmed
  31. Camlin CS, Ssemmondo E, Chamie G, El Ayadi AM, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Kabami J, Charlebois E, Petersen M, Clark TD, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, R Kamya M, Havlir D. Men "missing" from population-based HIV testing: insights from qualitative research. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:67-73. View on Pubmed
  32. Kathryn J. Fiorella, Carol S. Camlin, Charles R. Salmen, Ruth Omondi, Matthew D. Hickey, Dan O. Omollo, Erin M. Milner, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Lia C.H. Fernald, Justin S. Brashares. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya. World Development. 2015 Oct 1; 74:323-332. View on Pubmed
  33. Turan JM, Hatcher AM, Romito P, Mangone E, Durojaiye M, Odero M, Camlin CS.. Intimate partner violence and forced migration during pregnancy: Structural constraints to women's agency. Global Public Health. 2015; 1-16. View on Pubmed
  34. Syvertsen JL, Agot K, Ohaga S, Strathdee SA, Camlin CS, Omanga E, Odonde P, Rota G, Akoth K, Peng J, Wagner KD. Evidence of injection drug use in Kisumu, Kenya: Implications for HIV prevention. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Jun 01; 151:262-6. View on Pubmed
  35. Fiorella K.J., Camlin, C.S, Salmen C.R., Omondi R., Hickey M.D., Omollo D.O., Bukusi E.A., Fernald L.H., Brashares J.S.. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya. World Development. 2015; (74):323-332. View on Pubmed
  36. Odeny TA, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Yuhas K, Camlin CS, McClelland RS. Texting improves testing: a randomized trial of two-way SMS to increase postpartum prevention of mother-to-child transmission retention and infant HIV testing. AIDS. 2014 Sep 24; 28(15):2307-12. View on Pubmed
  37. Odeny TA, Newman M, Bukusi EA, McClelland RS, Cohen CR, Camlin CS. Developing content for a mHealth intervention to promote postpartum retention in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs and early infant diagnosis of HIV: a qualitative study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e106383. View on Pubmed
  38. Camlin CS, Snow RC, Hosegood V. Gendered Patterns of Migration in Rural South Africa. Popul Space Place. 2014 Aug 01; 20(6):528-551. View on Pubmed
  39. Kwena Z, Mwanzo I, Shisanya C, Camlin C, Turan J, Achiro L, Bukusi E. Predictors of extra-marital partnerships among women married to fishermen along Lake Victoria in Kisumu County, Kenya. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e95298. View on Pubmed
  40. Camlin CS, Kwena ZA, Dworkin SL, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA. "She mixes her business": HIV transmission and acquisition risks among female migrants in western Kenya. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Feb; 102:146-56. View on Pubmed
  41. Camlin CS, Kwena ZA, Dworkin SL. Jaboya vs. jakambi: Status, negotiation, and HIV risks among female migrants in the "sex for fish" economy in Nyanza Province, Kenya. AIDS Educ Prev. 2013 Jun; 25(3):216-31. View on Pubmed
  42. Kwena ZA, Camlin CS, Shisanya CA, Mwanzo I, Bukusi EA. Short-term mobility and the risk of HIV infection among married couples in the fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Kenya. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e54523. View on Pubmed
  43. Fathalla MM, Youssif MM, Meyer C, Camlin C, Turan J, Morris J, Butrick E, Miller S. Nonatonic obstetric haemorrhage: effectiveness of the nonpneumatic antishock garment in egypt. ISRN Obstet Gynecol. 2011; 2011:179349. View on Pubmed
  44. O Ojengbede, H Galadanci, IO Morhason-Bello, D Nsima, C Camlin, JL Morris, E Butrick, C Meyer, Aminu I Mohammed, S Miller. The non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for postpartum haemorrhage in nigeria. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health. 2011 Jul 1; 5(3):135-139. View on Pubmed
  45. Jessica Morris, Carinne Meyer, Suellen Miller, Mohamed MF Fathalla, Tarek K Al-Hussaini, Mohammed M Youssif, Carol Camlin. Treating uterine atony with the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in Egypt. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health. 2011 Jan 1; 5(1):37-42. View on Pubmed
  46. Turan J, Ojengbede O, Fathalla M, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Nsima D, Morris J, Butrick E, Martin H, Camlin C, Miller S. Positive effects of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment on delays in accessing care for postpartum and postabortion hemorrhage in Egypt and Nigeria. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jan; 20(1):91-8. View on Pubmed
  47. Ojengbede OA, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Meyer C, Nsima D, Camlin C, Butrick E, Miller S. Assessing the role of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in reducing mortality from postpartum hemorrhage in Nigeria. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2011; 71(1):66-72. View on Pubmed
  48. Miller S, Fathalla MM, Ojengbede OA, Camlin C, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Nsima D, Butrick E, Al Hussaini T, Turan J, Meyer C, Martin H, Mohammed AI. Obstetric hemorrhage and shock management: using the low technology Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in Nigerian and Egyptian tertiary care facilities. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2010 Oct 18; 10:64. View on Pubmed
  49. Mourad-Youssif M, Ojengbede OA, Meyer CD, Fathalla M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Camlin C, Nsima D, Al Hussaini T, Butrick E, Miller S. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reprod Health. 2010 Sep 01; 7:24. View on Pubmed
  50. Camlin CS, Hosegood V, Newell ML, McGrath N, Bärnighausen T, Snow RC. Gender, migration and HIV in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. PLoS One. 2010 Jul 12; 5(7):e11539. View on Pubmed
  51. Miller S, Fathalla MM, Youssif MM, Turan J, Camlin C, Al-Hussaini TK, Butrick E, Meyer C. A comparative study of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for the treatment of obstetric hemorrhage in Egypt. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010 Apr; 109(1):20-4.
  52. S. Miller, M. Mourad-Youssif, M. Fathalla, T. Al-Hussaini, C. Meyer, C. Camlin, E. Butrick, S. Ismail. O614 Non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) reduces extreme adverse outcomes from obstetric hemorrhage and shock in Egyptian hospitals. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2009 Oct 1; 107:s268-s268.
  53. M. Mourad-Youssif, M. Fathalla, T. Al-Hussaini, H. Martin, J. Turan, R. Mitchell, C. Camlin, S. Miller. O641 Treatment with non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) improves outcomes for women with PPH/uterine atony in Egyptian referral facilities. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2009 Oct 1; 107:s276-s276.
  54. Camlin CS, Snow RC. Parental investment, club membership, and youth sexual risk behavior in Cape Town. Health Educ Behav. 2008 Aug; 35(4):522-40.
  55. Diana Lara, Sandra G. García, Charlotte Ellertson, Carol Camlin, Javier Suárez. The Measure of Induced Abortion Levels in Mexico Using Random Response Technique. Sociological Methods & Research. 2006 Nov 1; 35(2):279-301.
  56. Camlin CS, Garenne M, Moultrie TA. Fertility trend and pattern in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. Afr J Reprod Health. 2004 Aug; 8(2):38-54.
  57. Camlin CS, Chimbwete CE. Does knowing someone with AIDS affect condom use? An analysis from South Africa. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Jun; 15(3):231-44.
  58. Bailey SL, Camlin CS, Ennett ST. Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth. J Adolesc Health. 1998 Dec; 23(6):378-88.