George Rutherford, MD

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George Rutherford, MD

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Professor, School of Medicine
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My research interests are the epidemiology and prevention of infectious and tropical diseases of public health importance, both internationally and domestically, with a primary focus on HIV and AIDS. My work is funded primarily by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through the Presidential Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. I also have smaller projects dealing with the epidemiology of tuberculosis in California, the prevention of childhood injury, immunizations and bioterrorism. I am a member of the AIDS Research Institute's Executive Committee.
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  1. Jumamil RB, Rutherford G. Use of the improvement index to evaluate equitable COVID-19 vaccine allocation in the San Francisco Bay Area. AJPM Focus. 2023 Feb 04; 100075.
  2. Hazel A, Davidson MC, Rogers A, Barrie MB, Freeman A, Mbayoh M, Kamara M, Blumberg S, Lietman TM, Rutherford GW, Jones JH, Porco TC, Richardson ET, Kelly JD. Social Network Analysis of Ebola Virus Disease During the 2014 Outbreak in Sukudu, Sierra Leone. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Nov; 9(11):ofac593.
  3. Djomaleu ML, Rogers AB, Barrie MB, Rutherford GW, Weiser SD, Kelly JD. Long-term consequences of food insecurity among Ebola virus disease-affected households after the 2013-2016 epidemic in rural communities of Kono District, Sierra Leone: A qualitative study. PLOS Glob Public Health. 2022; 2(10).
  4. Doernberg SB, Holubar M, Jain V, Weng Y, Lu D, Bollyky JB, Sample H, Huang B, Craik CS, Desai M, Rutherford GW, Maldonado Y, CHART Study Consortium
    . Incidence and Prevalence of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Within a Healthcare Worker Cohort During the First Year of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Pandemic. Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 29; 75(9):1573-1584.
  5. Mathur S, Davidson MC, Anglin K, Lu S, Goldberg SA, Garcia-Knight M, Tassetto M, Zhang A, Romero M, Pineda-Ramirez J, Diaz-Sanchez R, Rugart P, Chen JY, Donohue K, Shak JR, Chenna A, Winslow JW, Petropoulos CJ, Yee BC, Lambert J, Glidden DV, Rutherford GW, Deeks SG, Peluso MJ, Andino R, Martin JN, Kelly JD. Evaluation of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Nucleocapsid Antigen in the Blood as a Diagnostic Test for Infection and Infectious Viral Shedding. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Nov; 9(11):ofac563.
  6. Kelly JD, Lu S, Anglin K, Garcia-Knight M, Pineda-Ramirez J, Goldberg SA, Tassetto M, Zhang A, Donohue K, Davidson MC, Romero M, Diaz Sanchez R, Djomaleu M, Mathur S, Chen JY, Forman CA, Servellita V, Montejano RD, Shak JR, Rutherford GW, Deeks SG, Abedi GR, Rolfes MA, Saydah S, Briggs-Hagen M, Peluso MJ, Chiu C, Midgley CM, Andino R, Martin JN. Magnitude and Determinants of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Household Transmission: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Oct 03; 75(Supplement_2):S193-S204.
  7. Waruiru W, Oramisi V, Sila A, Onyango D, Waruru A, Mwangome MN, Young PW, Muuo S, Nyagah LM, Ollongo J, Ngugi C, Rutherford GW. All-cause and cause-specific mortality rates for Kisumu County: a comparison with Kenya, low-and middle-income countries. BMC Public Health. 2022 09 27; 22(1):1828.
  8. Garcia-Knight M, Anglin K, Tassetto M, Lu S, Zhang A, Goldberg SA, Catching A, Davidson MC, Shak JR, Romero M, Pineda-Ramirez J, Diaz-Sanchez R, Rugart P, Donohue K, Massachi J, Sans HM, Djomaleu M, Mathur S, Servellita V, McIlwain D, Gaudiliere B, Chen J, Martinez EO, Tavs JM, Bronstone G, Weiss J, Watson JT, Briggs-Hagen M, Abedi GR, Rutherford GW, Deeks SG, Chiu C, Saydah S, Peluso MJ, Midgley CM, Martin JN, Andino R, Kelly JD. Infectious viral shedding of SARS-CoV-2 Delta following vaccination: A longitudinal cohort study. PLoS Pathog. 2022 09; 18(9):e1010802.
  9. Gayedyu-Dennis D, Fallah MP, Drew C, Badio M, Moses JS, Fayiah T, Johnson K, Richardson ET, Weiser SD, Porco TC, Martin JN, Sneller MC, Rutherford GW, Reilly C, Lindan CP, Kelly JD. Identifying pauci-/asymptomatic and unrecognized Ebola virus disease among close contacts based on exposure risk assessments and screening algorithms. J Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 01.
  10. Low A, Gummerson E, Schwitters A, Bonifacio R, Teferi M, Mutenda N, Ayton S, Juma J, Ahpoe C, Ginindza C, Patel H, Biraro S, Sachathep K, Hakim AJ, Barradas D, Hassani AS, Kirungi W, Jackson K, Goeke L, Philips N, Mulenga L, Ward J, Hong S, Rutherford G, Findley S. Food insecurity and the risk of HIV acquisition: findings from population-based surveys in six sub-Saharan African countries (2016-2017). BMJ Open. 2022 07 12; 12(7):e058704.
  11. Reid MJA, Bulfone TC, Blat C, Chen YH, Rutherford GW, Philip S, Gutierrez-Mock L, Nickerson A, Buback L, Welty S, Reingold A, Enanoria WTA. Factors Associated With SARS-CoV-2 Transmission in Settings of High COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage: A Case-Control Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2022 Jun 27; 191(7):1336-1339.
  12. Bulfone TC, Blat C, Chen YH, Rutherford GW, Gutierrez-Mock L, Nickerson A, Buback L, Welty S, Sokal-Gutierrez K, Enanoria WTA, Reid MJA. Outdoor Activities Associated with Lower Odds of SARS-CoV-2 Acquisition: A Case-Control Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 05 18; 19(10).
  13. Kelly JD, Van Ryn C, Badio M, Fayiah T, Johnson K, Gayedyu-Dennis D, Weiser SD, Porco TC, Martin JN, Sneller MC, Rutherford GW, Reilly C, Fallah MP, Moses JS. Clinical sequelae among individuals with pauci-symptomatic or asymptomatic Ebola virus infection and unrecognised Ebola virus disease in Liberia: a longitudinal cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 08; 22(8):1163-1171.
  14. Anglemyer A, Rutherford G, Walls T, Maldonado Y. Unusual Interseasonal RSV Activity in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres. J Infect Dis. 2022 05 04; 225(9):1680-1682.
  15. Olshen AB, Garcia A, Kapphahn KI, Weng Y, Vargo J, Pugliese JA, Crow D, Wesson PD, Rutherford GW, Gonen M, Desai M. COVIDNearTerm: A simple method to forecast COVID-19 hospitalizations. J Clin Transl Sci. 2022; 6(1):e59.
  16. Tan ST, Park HJ, Rodríguez-Barraquer I, Rutherford GW, Bibbins-Domingo K, Schechter R, Lo NC. COVID-19 Vaccination and Estimated Public Health Impact in California. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 04 01; 5(4):e228526.
  17. Mirzazadeh A, Eshun-Wilson I, Thompson RR, Bonyani A, Kahn JG, Baral SD, Schwartz S, Rutherford G, Geng EH. Interventions to reengage people living with HIV who are lost to follow-up from HIV treatment programs: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2022 03; 19(3):e1003940.
  18. Kelly JD, Frankfurter RG, Tavs JM, Barrie MB, McGinnis T, Kamara M, Freeman A, Quiwah K, Davidson MC, Dighero-Kemp B, Gichini H, Elliott E, Reilly C, Hensley LE, Lane HC, Weiser SD, Porco TC, Rutherford GW, Richardson ET. Association of Lower Exposure Risk With Paucisymptomatic/Asymptomatic Infection, Less Severe Disease, and Unrecognized Ebola Virus Disease: A Seroepidemiological Study. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 Apr; 9(4):ofac052.
  19. Chapman LAC, Shukla P, Rodríguez-Barraquer I, Shete PB, León TM, Bibbins-Domingo K, Rutherford GW, Schechter R, Lo NC. Risk factor targeting for vaccine prioritization during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sci Rep. 2022 02 23; 12(1):3055.
  20. Agyemang EA, Kim AA, Dobbs T, Zungu I, Payne D, Maher AD, Curran K, Kim E, Kwalira H, Limula H, Adhikari A, Welty S, Kandulu J, Nyirenda R, Auld AF, Rutherford GW, Parekh BS. Performance of a novel rapid test for recent HIV infection among newly-diagnosed pregnant adolescent girls and young women in four high-HIV-prevalence districts-Malawi, 2017-2018. PLoS One. 2022; 17(2):e0262071.
  21. Xu J, Lim A, Rutherford G. High Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Within Incarcerated Populations and Possible Implications for Herd Immunity. J Correct Health Care. 2022 04; 28(2):71-74.
  22. Hoff NA, Bratcher A, Kelly JD, Musene K, Kompany JP, Kabamba M, Mbala-Kingebeni P, Dighero-Kemp B, Kocher G, Elliott E, Reilly C, Halbrook M, Ilunga Kebela B, Gadoth A, Ngoie Mwamba G, Tambu M, McIlwain DR, Mukadi P, Hensley LE, Ahuka-Mundeke S, Rutherford GW, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Rimoin AW. Immunogenicity of rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP Ebola vaccination in exposed and potentially exposed persons in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2022 02 08; 119(6).
  23. Davidson MC, Lu S, Barrie MB, Freeman A, Mbayoh M, Kamara M, Tsai AC, Crea T, Rutherford GW, Weiser SD, Kelly JD. A post-outbreak assessment of exposure proximity and Ebola virus disease-related stigma among community members in Kono District, Sierra Leone: A cross-sectional study. SSM Ment Health. 2022 Dec; 2.
  24. Hswen Y, Yom-Tov E, Murti V, Narsing N, Prasad S, Rutherford GW, Bibbins-Domingo K. Covidseeker: A Geospatial Temporal Surveillance Tool. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 01 27; 19(3).
  25. Celone M, Okech B, Han BA, Forshey BM, Anyamba A, Dunford J, Rutherford G, Mita-Mendoza NK, Estallo EL, Khouri R, de Siqueira IC, Pollett S. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the potential non-human animal reservoirs and arthropod vectors of the Mayaro virus. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2021 12; 15(12):e0010016.