Craig Cohen, MD, MPH

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Craig Cohen, MD, MPH

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Director, CFAR International Program
Professor, School of Medicine
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Craig Cohen, MD, MPH, is a Professor in the UCSF Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, an Attending Physician at San Francisco General Hospital and co-Director of the University of California Global Health Institute (UCGHI: He conducts clinical and implementation research in two major areas: HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention and HIV/AIDS care and support in developing countries including the development of live biotherapeutic products to prevent bacterial vaginosis and HIV acquisition in women. In 1994, Dr. Cohen and his colleague Dr. Elizabeth Bukusi at the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) established the Research Care and Treatment Program (RCTP) a collaboration with projects in Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya. In addition to conducting research, the goal of the program is to enhance local capacity to conduct biomedical research through training and infrastructure development. RCTP employs over 700 full-time staff in Kenya including epidemiologists, physicians, nurse-counselors, laboratory technologists, field workers, data managers, biostatisticians and administrative staff. Dr. Cohen is the Founding Director of the Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES: since its creation in 2004. FACES is a CDC/PEPFAR-funded HIV/AIDS care and treatment program in Western Kenya and supports the Ministry of Health to care for ~50,000 persons living with HIV. As part of FACES, Dr. Cohen has also developed the Student Training Elective Program (STEP), which allows medical students and residents to do research and clinical electives at FACES sites. Additionally, Dr. Cohen directs the UCSF Reproductive Infectious Disease (RID) Fellowship, which aims to provide Ob/Gyn and post-doctoral trainees with the tools and experience necessary to develop into independent investigators and launch productive careers in the field of RID. He also co-directs the newly established University of California Global Health Institute (UCGHI) GloCal Health Fellowship which train fellows in global health research between in collaboration with 20 international collaborating institutions. Overall, Dr. Cohen has directly mentored more than 70 doctoral/professional students, residents and post-doctoral fellows, most of who have conducted research in Kenya. Areas of Interest: •Prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) •Microbicides, live biotherapeutic products to prevent HIV/STI *Integration of reproductive health and HIV services •Improvement of care to HIV infected persons living in resource poor settings *Multisectoral interventions to improve the lives of families affected by HIV •Research training and infrastructure development in developing countries
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  1. Armstrong E, Hemmerling A, Joag V, Huibner S, Kulikova M, Crawford E, Casta?eda GR, Anzala O, Obila O, Shahabi K, Ravel J, Coburn B, Cohen CR, Kaul R. Treatment Success Following Standard Antibiotic Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis Is Not Associated With Pretreatment Genital Immune or Microbial Parameters. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2023 Jan; 10(1):ofad007.
  2. Armstrong E, Kaul R, Cohen CR. Optimizing the vaginal microbiome as a potential strategy to reduce heterosexual HIV transmission. J Intern Med. 2022 Dec 21.
  3. Nicastro TM, Pincus L, Weke E, Hatcher AM, Burger RL, Lemus-Hufstedler E, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Weiser SD. Perceived impacts of a pilot agricultural livelihood and microfinance intervention on agricultural practices, food security and nutrition for Kenyans living with HIV. PLoS One. 2022; 17(12):e0278227.
  4. Truong HM, Fatch R, Ogolla D, Otieno B, Amboka S, Kadede K, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Guz? MA. Respondent-driven sampling to recruit adolescents in Kenya. Ann Epidemiol. 2023 Feb; 78:68-73.
  5. Cohen CR, Weke E, Frongillo EA, Sheira LA, Burger R, Mocello AR, Wekesa P, Fisher M, Scow K, Thirumurthy H, Dworkin SL, Shade SB, Butler LM, Bukusi EA, Weiser SD. Effect of a Multisectoral Agricultural Intervention on HIV Health Outcomes Among Adults in Kenya: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 12 01; 5(12):e2246158.
  6. Gutin SA, Neilands TB, Charlebois ED, Getahun M, Okiring J, Akullian A, Maeri I, Eyul P, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Camlin CS. Mobility is Associated with Higher-risk Sexual Partnerships Among Both Men and Women in Co-resident Couples in Rural Kenya and Uganda: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. AIDS Behav. 2022 Nov 01.
  7. Maeri I, Eyul P, Getahun M, Hatchett K, Owino L, Akatukwasa C, Itiakorit H, Gutin SA, Johnson-Peretz J, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Nothing about us without us: Community-based participatory research to improve HIV care for mobile patients in Kenya and Uganda. Soc Sci Med. 2023 Feb; 318:115471.
  8. Camlin CS, Getahun M, Koss CA, Owino L, Akatukwasa C, Itiakorit H, Onyango A, Bakanoma R, Atwine F, Maeri I, Ayieko J, Atukunda M, Owaraganise A, Mwangwa F, Sang N, Kabami J, Kaplan RL, Chamie G, Petersen ML, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Charlebois ED. Providers' Attitudes and Experiences with Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Implementation in a Population-Based Study in Kenya and Uganda. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2022 Oct; 36(10):396-404.
  9. Lee JK, Gutin SA, Getahun M, Okiring J, Neilands TB, Akullian A, Ssali S, Cohen CR, Maeri I, Eyul P, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Condom, modern contraceptive, and dual method use are associated with HIV status and relationship concurrency in a context of high mobility: A cross-sectional study of women of reproductive age in rural Kenya and Uganda, 2016. Contraception. 2022 Sep 14.
  10. Stalter RM, Amorim G, Mocello AR, Jakait B, Shepherd BE, Musick B, Bernard C, Bukusi EA, Wools-Kaloustian K, Cohen CR, Yiannoutsos CT, Patel RC, Implant/Efavirenz Study Group and the East Africa IeDEA regional consortium. Contraceptive implant use duration is not associated with breakthrough pregnancy among women living with HIV and using efavirenz: a retrospective, longitudinal analysis. J Int AIDS Soc. 2022 09; 25(9):e26001.
  11. Burger RL, Cohen CR, Mocello AR, Dworkin SL, Frongillo EA, Weke E, Butler LM, Thirumurthy H, Bukusi EA, Weiser SD. Relationship Power, Antiretroviral Adherence, and Physical and Mental Health Among Women Living with HIV in Rural Kenya. AIDS Behav. 2022 Aug 24.
  12. Daniel AK, Dworkin SL, McDonough A, Hatcher AM, Burger RL, Weke E, Wekesa P, Bukusi EA, Owino G, Odhiambo G, Thirumurthy H, Getahun M, Weiser SD, Cohen CR. The Impact of Land Tenure Security on a Livelihood Intervention for People Living with HIV in Western Kenya. AIDS Behav. 2023 Jan; 27(1):245-256.
  13. Musana J, Cohen CR, Kuppermann M, Gerona R, Wanyoro A, Aguilar D, Santos N, Temmerman M, Weiss SJ. Obstetric risk in pregnancy interacts with hair cortisone levels to reduce gestational length. Front Glob Womens Health. 2022; 3:878538.
  14. Samba BO, Lewis-Kulzer J, Odhiambo F, Juma E, Mulwa E, Kadima J, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. Exploring Estimates and Reasons for Lost to Follow-Up Among People Living With HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy in Kisumu County, Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2022 06 01; 90(2):146-153.
  15. Bernard C, Jakait B, Fadel WF, Mocello AR, Onono MA, Bukusi EA, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Cohen CR, Patel RC. Preferences for Multipurpose Technology and Non-oral Methods of Antiretroviral Therapy Among Women Living With HIV in Western Kenya: A Survey Study. Front Glob Womens Health. 2022; 3:869623.
  16. Okiring J, Getahun M, Gutin SA, Lebu S, Lee J, Maeri I, Eyul P, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Neilands TB, Ssali S, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Sexual partnership concurrency and age disparities associated with sexually transmitted infection and risk behavior in rural communities in Kenya and Uganda. Int J Infect Dis. 2022 Jul; 120:158-167.
  17. Armstrong E, Hemmerling A, Miller S, Burke KE, Newmann SJ, Morris SR, Reno H, Huibner S, Kulikova M, Nagelkerke N, Coburn B, Cohen CR, Kaul R. Sustained effect of LACTIN-V (Lactobacillus crispatus CTV-05) on genital immunology following standard bacterial vaginosis treatment: results from a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Microbe. 2022 06; 3(6):e435-e442.
  18. Choi Y, Ibrahim S, Park LP, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Huchko MJ. Uptake and correlates of cervical cancer screening among women attending a community-based multi-disease health campaign in Kenya. BMC Womens Health. 2022 04 18; 22(1):122.
  19. Armstrong E, Hemmerling A, Miller S, Burke KE, Newmann SJ, Morris SR, Reno H, Huibner S, Kulikova M, Liu R, Crawford ED, Castañeda GR, Nagelkerke N, Coburn B, Cohen CR, Kaul R. Metronidazole treatment rapidly reduces genital inflammation through effects on bacterial vaginosis-associated bacteria rather than lactobacilli. J Clin Invest. 2022 03 15; 132(6).
  20. Jakubowski A, Kabami J, Balzer LB, Ayieko J, Charlebois ED, Owaraganise A, Marquez C, Clark TD, Black D, Shade SB, Chamie G, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen M, Havlir DV, Thirumurthy H. Effect of universal HIV testing and treatment on socioeconomic wellbeing in rural Kenya and Uganda: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet Glob Health. 2022 01; 10(1):e96-e104.
  21. Murnane PM, Ayieko J, Vittinghoff E, Gandhi M, Katumbi C, Milala B, Nakaye C, Kanda P, Moodley D, Nyati ME, Loftis AJ, Fowler MG, Flynn P, Currier JS, Cohen CR. Machine learning algorithms using routinely collected data do not adequately predict viremia to inform targeted services in postpartum women living with HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021 Sep 14.
  22. Diala PC, Randa M, Odhiambo J, Ganda G, Cohen CR, Mungo C. Barriers and Facilitators to Integrating Clinical Breast Examinations With Cervical Cancer Screening Programs in Outpatient Clinics in Western Kenya. JCO Glob Oncol. 2021 12; 7:1722-1729.
  23. Miller LE, Zamudio-Haas S, Otieno B, Amboka S, Odeny D, Agot I, Kadede K, Odhiambo H, Auerswald C, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Truong HM. "We Don't Fear HIV. We Just Fear Walking around Pregnant.": A Qualitative Analysis of Adolescent Sexuality and Pregnancy Stigma in Informal Settlements in Kisumu, Kenya. Stud Fam Plann. 2021 12; 52(4):557-570.
  24. Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Kabami J, Ayieko J, Kwariisima D, Sang N, Clark TD, Schwab J, Charlebois ED, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Peng J, Jain V, Chen YH, Chamie G, Balzer LB, Havlir DV. SEARCH Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Streamlined Treatment Intervention Reduces Mortality at a Population Level in Men With Low CD4 Counts. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Oct 05; 73(7):e1938-e1945.
  25. Hickey MD, Ayieko J, Owaraganise A, Sim N, Balzer LB, Kabami J, Atukunda M, Opel FJ, Wafula E, Nyabuti M, Brown L, Chamie G, Jain V, Peng J, Kwarisiima D, Camlin CS, Charlebois ED, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Havlir DV. Effect of a patient-centered hypertension delivery strategy on all-cause mortality: Secondary analysis of SEARCH, a community-randomized trial in rural Kenya and Uganda. PLoS Med. 2021 Sep; 18(9):e1003803.