Satish Pillai, PhD

Photo of Satish Pillai, PhD

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(415) 221-4810 x3318

270 Masonic Ave
San Francisco, CA 94118

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  • Associate Professor, UCSF School of Medicine

Biography

My research focuses on the relationship between HIV-1 evolution and pathogenesis. HIV-1 resides in several tissues within infected individuals, including the brain, blood, lung, spleen, lymph nodes, and genital tract. Each anatomic compartment is characterized by tissue-specific immunological surveillance, host cell characteristics, and antiretroviral drug penetration. Therefore, it is expected that HIV should evolve independently in each anatomic compartment, adapting to local immunologic, cellular, and pharmacokinetic characteristics. The goal of my research is to use a combination of computational and experimental tools to assess the degree of viral compartmentalization between tissues, and furthermore, to identify viral genetic characteristics that are specific to particular cell types, organs, and disease states.

Displaying 1 - 48 of 48

  1. Krarup AR, Abdel-Mohsen M, Schleimann MH, Vibholm L, Engen PA, Dige A, Wittig B, Schmidt M, Green SJ, Naqib A, Keshavarzian A, Deng X, Olesen R, Petersen AM, Benfield T, Østergaard L, Rasmussen TA, Agnholt J, Nyengaard JR, Landay A, Søgaard OS, Pillai SK, Tolstrup M, Denton PW. The TLR9 agonist MGN1703 triggers a potent type I interferon response in the sigmoid colon. Mucosal Immunol. 2017 Aug 02. View on Pubmed
  2. Togarrati PP, Sasaki RT, Abdel-Mohsen M, Dinglasan N, Deng X, Desai S, Emmerson E, Yee E, Ryan WR, da Silva MCP, Knox SM, Pillai SK, Muench MO. Identification and characterization of a rich population of CD34(+) mesenchymal stem/stromal cells in human parotid, sublingual and submandibular glands. Sci Rep. 2017 Jun 14; 7(1):3484. View on Pubmed
  3. Pillai SK, Deeks SG. Signature of the Sleeper Cell: A Biomarker of HIV Latency Revealed. Trends Immunol. 2017 May 13. View on Pubmed
  4. Keating SM, Pilcher CD, Jain V, Lebedeva M, Hampton D, Abdel-Mohsen M, Deng X, Murphy G, Welte A, Facente SN, Hecht F, Deeks SG, Pillai SK, Busch MP. HIV Antibodies Detect HIV Persistence and Low Level Viral Replication. J Infect Dis. 2017 May 11. View on Pubmed
  5. Henrich TJ, Deeks SG, Pillai SK. Measuring the Size of the Latent Human Immunodeficiency Virus Reservoir: The Present and Future of Evaluating Eradication Strategies. J Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 15; 215(suppl_3):S134-S141. View on Pubmed
  6. Vibholm L, Schleimann MH, Højen JF, Benfield T, Offersen R, Rasmussen K, Olesen R, Dige A, Agnholt J, Grau J, Buzon M, Wittig B, Lichterfeld M, Petersen AM, Deng X, Abdel-Mohsen M, Pillai SK, Rutsaert S, Trypsteen W, De Spiegelaere W, Vandekerchove L, Østergaard L, Rasmussen TA, Denton PW, Tolstrup M, Søgaard OS. Short-course TLR9 Agonist Treatment Impacts Innate Immunity and Plasma Viremia in Individuals with HIV infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 09. View on Pubmed
  7. Jacobs ES, Keating SM, Abdel-Mohsen M, Gibb SL, Heitman JW, Inglis HC, Martin JN, Zhang J, Kaidarova Z, Deng X, Wu S, Anastos K, Crystal H, Villacres MC, Young M, Greenblatt RM, Landay AL, Gange SJ, Deeks SG, Golub ET, Pillai SK, Norris PJ. Cytokines Elevated in HIV Elite Controllers Reduce HIV Replication in vitro and Modulate HIV Restriction Factor Expression. J Virol. 2017 Jan 04. View on Pubmed
  8. Abdel-Mohsen M, Chavez L, Tandon R, Chew GM, Deng X, Danesh A, Keating S, Lanteri M, Samuels ML, Hoh R, Sacha JB, Norris PJ, Niki T, Shikuma CM, Hirashima M, Deeks SG, Ndhlovu LC, Pillai SK. Human Galectin-9 Is a Potent Mediator of HIV Transcription and Reactivation. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Jun; 12(6):e1005677. View on Pubmed
  9. Gibb SL, Zhao Y, Potter D, Hylin MJ, Bruhn R, Baimukanova G, Zhao J, Xue H, Abdel-Mohsen M, Pillai SK, Moore AN, Johnson EM, Cox CS, Dash PK, Pati S. TIMP3 Attenuates the Loss of Neural Stem Cells, Mature Neurons and Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Traumatic Brain Injury. Stem Cells. 2015 Dec; 33(12):3530-44. View on Pubmed
  10. Raposo RA, Gupta R, Abdel-Mohsen M, Dimon M, Debbaneh M, Jiang W, York VA, Leadabrand KS, Brown G, Malakouti M, Arron S, Kuebler PJ, Wu JJ, Pillai SK, Nixon DF, Liao W. Antiviral gene expression in psoriasis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015 Oct; 29(10):1951-7. View on Pubmed
  11. Abdel-Mohsen M, Wang C, Strain MC, Lada SM, Deng X, Cockerham LR, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Liegler T, Richman DD, Deeks SG, Pillai SK. Select host restriction factors are associated with HIV persistence during antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2015 Feb 20; 29(4):411-20. View on Pubmed
  12. Abdel-Mohsen M, Deng X, Danesh A, Liegler T, Jacobs ES, Rauch A, Ledergerber B, Norris PJ, Günthard HF, Wong JK, Pillai SK. Role of microRNA modulation in the interferon-a/ribavirin suppression of HIV-1 in vivo. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e109220. View on Pubmed
  13. Raposo RA, Abdel-Mohsen M, Deng X, Hecht FM, Pilcher CD, Pillai SK, Nixon DF. Dynamic regulation of host restriction factor expression over the course of HIV-1 infection in vivo. J Virol. 2014 Oct; 88(19):11624-9. View on Pubmed
  14. Wang C, Abdel-Mohsen M, Strain MC, Lada SM, Yukl S, Cockerham LR, Pilcher CD, Hecht FM, Sinclair E, Liegler T, Richman DD, Deeks SG, Pillai SK. Decreased HIV type 1 transcription in CCR5-?32 heterozygotes during suppressive antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2014 Dec 1; 210(11):1838-43. View on Pubmed
  15. Abdel-Mohsen M, Deng X, Liegler T, Guatelli JC, Salama MS, Ghanem Hel-D, Rauch A, Ledergerber B, Deeks SG, Günthard HF, Wong JK, Pillai SK. Effects of alpha interferon treatment on intrinsic anti-HIV-1 immunity in vivo. J Virol. 2014 Jan; 88(1):763-7. View on Pubmed
  16. Abdel-Mohsen M, Raposo RA, Deng X, Li M, Liegler T, Sinclair E, Salama MS, Ghanem Hel-D, Hoh R, Wong JK, David M, Nixon DF, Deeks SG, Pillai SK. Expression profile of host restriction factors in HIV-1 elite controllers. Retrovirology. 2013; 10:106. View on Pubmed
  17. Zou S, Glynn S, Kuritzkes D, Shah M, Cook N, Berliner N. Hematopoietic cell transplantation and HIV cure: where we are and what next? Blood. 2013 Oct 31; 122(18):3111-5. View on Pubmed
  18. Raposo RA, Abdel-Mohsen M, Bilska M, Montefiori DC, Nixon DF, Pillai SK. Effects of cellular activation on anti-HIV-1 restriction factor expression profile in primary cells. J Virol. 2013 Nov; 87(21):11924-9. View on Pubmed
  19. Raposo RA, Abdel-Mohsen M, Holditch SJ, Kuebler PJ, Cheng RG, Eriksson EM, Liao W, Pillai SK, Nixon DF. Increased expression of intrinsic antiviral genes in HLA-B*57-positive individuals. J Leukoc Biol. 2013 Nov; 94(5):1051-9. View on Pubmed
  20. Yukl SA, Boritz E, Busch M, Bentsen C, Chun TW, Douek D, Eisele E, Haase A, Ho YC, Hütter G, Justement JS, Keating S, Lee TH, Li P, Murray D, Palmer S, Pilcher C, Pillai S, Price RW, Rothenberger M, Schacker T, Siliciano J, Siliciano R, Sinclair E, Strain M, Wong J, Richman D, Deeks SG. Challenges in detecting HIV persistence during potentially curative interventions: a study of the Berlin patient. PLoS Pathog. 2013; 9(5):e1003347. View on Pubmed
  21. Pillai SK, Abdel-Mohsen M, Guatelli J, Skasko M, Monto A, Fujimoto K, Yukl S, Greene WC, Kovari H, Rauch A, Fellay J, Battegay M, Hirschel B, Witteck A, Bernasconi E, Ledergerber B, Günthard HF, Wong JK. Role of retroviral restriction factors in the interferon-a-mediated suppression of HIV-1 in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 21; 109(8):3035-40. View on Pubmed
  22. Jha AR, Nixon DF, Rosenberg MG, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Hudson RR, Garrison KE, Pillai SK. Human endogenous retrovirus K106 (HERV-K106) was infectious after the emergence of anatomically modern humans. PLoS One. 2011; 6(5):e20234. View on Pubmed
  23. Skasko M, Tokarev A, Chen CC, Fischer WB, Pillai SK, Guatelli J. BST-2 is rapidly down-regulated from the cell surface by the HIV-1 protein Vpu: evidence for a post-ER mechanism of Vpu-action. Virology. 2011 Mar 1; 411(1):65-77. View on Pubmed
  24. Rempel H, Sun B, Calosing C, Pillai SK, Pulliam L. Interferon-alpha drives monocyte gene expression in chronic unsuppressed HIV-1 infection. AIDS. 2010 Jun 19; 24(10):1415-23. View on Pubmed
  25. Wong JK, Strain MC, Porrata R, Reay E, Sankaran-Walters S, Ignacio CC, Russell T, Pillai SK, Looney DJ, Dandekar S. In vivo CD8+ T-cell suppression of siv viremia is not mediated by CTL clearance of productively infected cells. PLoS Pathog. 2010 Jan; 6(1):e1000748. View on Pubmed
  26. Manosuthi W, Butler DM, Pérez-Santiago J, Poon AF, Pillai SK, Mehta SR, Pacold ME, Richman DD, Pond SK, Smith DM. Protease polymorphisms in HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AE represent selection by antiretroviral therapy and host immune pressure. AIDS. 2010 Jan 28; 24(3):411-6. View on Pubmed
  27. Jha AR, Pillai SK, York VA, Sharp ER, Storm EC, Wachter DJ, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Rosenberg MG, Nixon DF, Garrison KE. Cross-sectional dating of novel haplotypes of HERV-K 113 and HERV-K 115 indicate these proviruses originated in Africa before Homo sapiens. Mol Biol Evol. 2009 Nov; 26(11):2617-26. View on Pubmed
  28. Joos B, Rieder P, Fischer M, Kuster H, Rusert P, Trkola A, Pillai SK, Wong JK, Weber R, Günthard HF. Association between specific HIV-1 Env traits and virologic control in vivo. Infect Genet Evol. 2010 Apr; 10(3):365-72. View on Pubmed
  29. Yukl S, Pillai S, Li P, Chang K, Pasutti W, Ahlgren C, Havlir D, Strain M, Günthard H, Richman D, Rice AP, Daar E, Little S, Wong JK. Latently-infected CD4+ T cells are enriched for HIV-1 Tat variants with impaired transactivation activity. Virology. 2009 Apr 25; 387(1):98-108. View on Pubmed
  30. Smith DM, Zárate S, Shao H, Pillai SK, Letendre SL, Wong JK, Richman DD, Frost SD, Ellis RJ. Pleocytosis is associated with disruption of HIV compartmentalization between blood and cerebral spinal fluid viral populations. Virology. 2009 Mar 1; 385(1):204-8. View on Pubmed
  31. Joos B, Fischer M, Kuster H, Pillai SK, Wong JK, Böni J, Hirschel B, Weber R, Trkola A, Günthard HF. HIV rebounds from latently infected cells, rather than from continuing low-level replication. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Oct 28; 105(43):16725-30. View on Pubmed
  32. Kosakovsky Pond SL, Poon AF, Zárate S, Smith DM, Little SJ, Pillai SK, Ellis RJ, Wong JK, Leigh Brown AJ, Richman DD, Frost SD. Estimating selection pressures on HIV-1 using phylogenetic likelihood models. Stat Med. 2008 Oct 15; 27(23):4779-89. View on Pubmed
  33. Pilcher CD, Wong JK, Pillai SK. Inferring HIV transmission dynamics from phylogenetic sequence relationships. PLoS Med. 2008 Mar 18; 5(3):e69. View on Pubmed
  34. Pillai SK, Wong JK, Barbour JD. Turning up the volume on mutational pressure: is more of a good thing always better? (A case study of HIV-1 Vif and APOBEC3). Retrovirology. 2008; 5:26. View on Pubmed
  35. Low AJ, Dong W, Chan D, Sing T, Swanstrom R, Jensen M, Pillai S, Good B, Harrigan PR. Current V3 genotyping algorithms are inadequate for predicting X4 co-receptor usage in clinical isolates. AIDS. 2007 Sep 12; 21(14):F17-24. View on Pubmed
  36. Willberg CB, Pillai SK, Sharp ER, Rosenberg MG, Agudelo JD, Barbour JD, Nixon DF. Rational peptide selection to detect human immunodeficiency virus type 1-specific T-cell responses under resource-limited conditions. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2007 Jun; 14(6):785-8. View on Pubmed
  37. Noviello CM, Pond SL, Lewis MJ, Richman DD, Pillai SK, Yang OO, Little SJ, Smith DM, Guatelli JC. Maintenance of Nef-mediated modulation of major histocompatibility complex class I and CD4 after sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Virol. 2007 May; 81(9):4776-86. View on Pubmed
  38. Smith DM, Strain MC, Frost SD, Pillai SK, Wong JK, Wrin T, Liu Y, Petropolous CJ, Daar ES, Little SJ, Richman DD. Lack of neutralizing antibody response to HIV-1 predisposes to superinfection. Virology. 2006 Nov 10; 355(1):1-5. View on Pubmed
  39. Pillai SK, Pond SL, Liu Y, Good BM, Strain MC, Ellis RJ, Letendre S, Smith DM, Günthard HF, Grant I, Marcotte TD, McCutchan JA, Richman DD, Wong JK. Genetic attributes of cerebrospinal fluid-derived HIV-1 env. Brain. 2006 Jul; 129(Pt 7):1872-83. View on Pubmed
  40. Coleman SH, Madrid R, Van Damme N, Mitchell RS, Bouchet J, Servant C, Pillai S, Benichou S, Guatelli JC. Modulation of cellular protein trafficking by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef: role of the acidic residue in the ExxxLL motif. J Virol. 2006 Feb; 80(4):1837-49. View on Pubmed
  41. Pillai SK, Kosakovsky Pond SL, Woelk CH, Richman DD, Smith DM. Codon volatility does not reflect selective pressure on the HIV-1 genome. Virology. 2005 Jun 5; 336(2):137-43. View on Pubmed
  42. Pillai SK, Good B, Pond SK, Wong JK, Strain MC, Richman DD, Smith DM. Semen-specific genetic characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 env. J Virol. 2005 Feb; 79(3):1734-42. View on Pubmed
  43. Strain MC, Letendre S, Pillai SK, Russell T, Ignacio CC, Günthard HF, Good B, Smith DM, Wolinsky SM, Furtado M, Marquie-Beck J, Durelle J, Grant I, Richman DD, Marcotte T, McCutchan JA, Ellis RJ, Wong JK. Genetic composition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in cerebrospinal fluid and blood without treatment and during failing antiretroviral therapy. J Virol. 2005 Feb; 79(3):1772-88. View on Pubmed
  44. Yu Q, König R, Pillai S, Chiles K, Kearney M, Palmer S, Richman D, Coffin JM, Landau NR. Single-strand specificity of APOBEC3G accounts for minus-strand deamination of the HIV genome. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2004 May; 11(5):435-42. View on Pubmed
  45. Kunstman KJ, Puffer B, Korber BT, Kuiken C, Smith UR, Kunstman J, Stanton J, Agy M, Shibata R, Yoder AD, Pillai S, Doms RW, Marx P, Wolinsky SM. Structure and function of CC-chemokine receptor 5 homologues derived from representative primate species and subspecies of the taxonomic suborders Prosimii and Anthropoidea. J Virol. 2003 Nov; 77(22):12310-8. View on Pubmed
  46. Ali A, Pillai S, Ng H, Lubong R, Richman DD, Jamieson BD, Ding Y, McElrath MJ, Guatelli JC, Yang OO. Broadly increased sensitivity to cytotoxic T lymphocytes resulting from Nef epitope escape mutations. J Immunol. 2003 Oct 15; 171(8):3999-4005. View on Pubmed
  47. Pillai S, Good B, Richman D, Corbeil J. A new perspective on V3 phenotype prediction. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003 Feb; 19(2):145-9. View on Pubmed
  48. Kalish ML, Korber BT, Pillai S, Robbins KE, Leo YS, Saekhou A, Verghese I, Gerrish P, Goh CL, Lupo D, Tan BH, Brown TM, Chan R. The sequential introduction of HIV-1 subtype B and CRF01AE in Singapore by sexual transmission: accelerated V3 region evolution in a subpopulation of Asian CRF01 viruses. Virology. 2002 Dec 20; 304(2):311-29. View on Pubmed