Ma Somsouk, MD

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(415) 206-6480

1001 Potrero Ave, SFGH 5
San Francisco, CA 94110

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  • Associate Professor, UCSF School of Medicine

Biography

1. Gastrointestinal tract as a site of HIV pathogenesis and persistence. Dr. Somsouk's research program examines the impact of HIV in the gut, answering questions related to viral persistence, immune activation, epithelial barrier dysfunction, and microbial dysbiosis and their relationship with systemic inflammation, aging, and cancer using observational studies and interventional trials. Stool, gut mucosal samples, and blood are routinely collected from subjects.
2. Prevention of colorectal cancer. Dr. Somsouk's research program is supported by the CDC, in collaboration with the SF Department of Public Health, to examine how a centralized patient panel management system could improve uptake of colorectal cancer screening and improve other health behaviors and conditions in the safety-net. In addition to interventional cohort studies, retrospective and administrative methods and mathematical simulation models are employed to identify barriers and best practices for colorectal cancer screening / surveillance. Interests as follow: HIV, persistence, immune activation, GALT, microbial translocation, microbiome, fecal transplant, colorectal cancer screening, mHealth, Digital Health

Displaying 1 - 53 of 53

  1. Vujkovic-Cvijin I, Rutishauser RL, Pao M, Hunt PW, Lynch SV, McCune JM, Somsouk M. Limited engraftment of donor microbiome via one-time fecal microbial transplantation in treated HIV-infected individuals. Gut Microbes. 2017 May 25; 0. View on Pubmed
  2. Maidji E, Somsouk M, Rivera JM, Hunt PW, Stoddart CA. Replication of CMV in the gut of HIV-infected individuals and epithelial barrier dysfunction. PLoS Pathog. 2017 Feb; 13(2):e1006202. View on Pubmed
  3. Kouanda AM, Somsouk M, Sewell JL, Day LW. Urgent colonoscopy in patients with lower GI bleeding: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2017 Feb 04. View on Pubmed
  4. Issaka RB, Singh MH, Oshima SM, Laleau VJ, Rachocki CD, Chen EH, Day LW, Sarkar U, Somsouk M. Inadequate Utilization of Diagnostic Colonoscopy Following Abnormal FIT Results in an Integrated Safety-Net System. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb; 112(2):375-382. View on Pubmed
  5. Kiniry BE, Ganesh A, Critchfield JW, Hunt PW, Hecht FM, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Shacklett BL. Predominance of weakly cytotoxic, T-bet(Low)Eomes(Neg) CD8(+) T-cells in human gastrointestinal mucosa: implications for HIV infection. Mucosal Immunol. 2016 Nov 09. View on Pubmed
  6. Paquin-Proulx D, Ching C, Vujkovic-Cvijin I, Fadrosh D, Loh L, Huang Y, Somsouk M, Lynch SV, Hunt PW, Nixon DF, SenGupta D. Bacteroides are associated with GALT iNKT cell function and reduction of microbial translocation in HIV-1 infection. Mucosal Immunol. 2016 Apr 6. View on Pubmed
  7. Shergill AK, Conners EE, McQuaid KR, Epstein S, Ryan JC, Shah JN, Inadomi J, Somsouk M. Protective association of colonoscopy against proximal and distal colon cancer and patterns in interval cancer. Gastrointest Endosc. 2015 Sep; 82(3):529-37.e1. View on Pubmed
  8. von Stockenstrom S, Odevall L, Lee E, Sinclair E, Bacchetti P, Killian M, Epling L, Shao W, Hoh R, Ho T, Faria NR, Lemey P, Albert J, Hunt P, Loeb L, Pilcher C, Poole L, Hatano H, Somsouk M, Douek D, Boritz E, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Palmer S. Longitudinal Genetic Characterization Reveals That Cell Proliferation Maintains a Persistent HIV Type 1 DNA Pool During Effective HIV Therapy. J Infect Dis. 2015 Aug 15; 212(4):596-607. View on Pubmed
  9. Somsouk M, Estes JD, Deleage C, Dunham RM, Albright R, Inadomi JM, Martin JN, Deeks SG, McCune JM, Hunt PW. Gut epithelial barrier and systemic inflammation during chronic HIV infection. AIDS. 2015 Jan 2; 29(1):43-51. View on Pubmed
  10. Somsouk M, Dunham RM, Cohen M, Albright R, Abdel-Mohsen M, Liegler T, Lifson J, Piatak M, Gorelick R, Huang Y, Wu Y, Hsue PY, Martin JN, Deeks SG, McCune JM, Hunt PW. The immunologic effects of mesalamine in treated HIV-infected individuals with incomplete CD4+ T cell recovery: a randomized crossover trial. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e116306. View on Pubmed
  11. Sanchez JL, Hunt PW, Reilly CS, Hatano H, Beilman GJ, Khoruts A, Jasurda JS, Somsouk M, Thorkelson A, Russ S, Anderson J, Deeks SG, Schacker TW. Lymphoid fibrosis occurs in long-term nonprogressors and persists with antiretroviral therapy but may be reversible with curative interventions. J Infect Dis. 2015 Apr 1; 211(7):1068-75. View on Pubmed
  12. Ribeiro SP, Milush JM, Cunha-Neto E, Kallas EG, Kalil J, Somsouk M, Hunt PW, Deeks SG, Nixon DF, SenGupta D. The CD8? memory stem T cell (T(SCM)) subset is associated with improved prognosis in chronic HIV-1 infection. J Virol. 2014 Dec; 88(23):13836-44. View on Pubmed
  13. Serrano-Villar S, Sainz T, Lee SA, Hunt PW, Sinclair E, Shacklett BL, Ferre AL, Hayes TL, Somsouk M, Hsue PY, Van Natta ML, Meinert CL, Lederman MM, Hatano H, Jain V, Huang Y, Hecht FM, Martin JN, McCune JM, Moreno S, Deeks SG. HIV-infected individuals with low CD4/CD8 ratio despite effective antiretroviral therapy exhibit altered T cell subsets, heightened CD8+ T cell activation, and increased risk of non-AIDS morbidity and mortality. PLoS Pathog. 2014 May; 10(5):e1004078. View on Pubmed
  14. Somsouk M, To'o K, Ali M, Vittinghoff E, Yeh BM, Yee J, Monto A, Inadomi JM, Aslam R. Esophageal varices on computed tomography and subsequent variceal hemorrhage. Abdom Imaging. 2014 Apr; 39(2):251-6. View on Pubmed
  15. Gupta S, Sussman DA, Doubeni CA, Anderson DS, Day L, Deshpande AR, Elmunzer BJ, Laiyemo AO, Mendez J, Somsouk M, Allison J, Bhuket T, Geng Z, Green BB, Itzkowitz SH, Martinez ME. Challenges and possible solutions to colorectal cancer screening for the underserved. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Apr; 106(4):dju032. View on Pubmed
  16. Day LW, Siao D, Inadomi JM, Somsouk M. Non-physician performance of lower and upper endoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Endoscopy. 2014 May; 46(5):401-10. View on Pubmed
  17. Day LW, Lin L, Somsouk M. Adverse events in older patients undergoing ERCP: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Endosc Int Open. 2014 Mar; 2(1):E28-36. View on Pubmed
  18. Dunham RM, Vujkovic-Cvijin I, Yukl SA, Broadhurst MJ, Loke P, Albright RG, Wong JK, Lederman MM, Somsouk M, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Deeks SG, McCune JM. Discordance between peripheral and colonic markers of inflammation during suppressive ART. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Feb 1; 65(2):133-41. View on Pubmed
  19. Yukl SA, Sinclair E, Somsouk M, Hunt PW, Epling L, Killian M, Girling V, Li P, Havlir DV, Deeks SG, Wong JK, Hatano H. A comparison of methods for measuring rectal HIV levels suggests that HIV DNA resides in cells other than CD4+ T cells, including myeloid cells. AIDS. 2014 Jan 28; 28(3):439-42. View on Pubmed
  20. Sewell JL, Somsouk M, Shah SC, Day LW. Commentary: Towards an effective and safe treatment of small intestine bacterial overgrowth - Authors' reply. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Dec; 38(11-12):1411. View on Pubmed
  21. Josefsson L, von Stockenstrom S, Faria NR, Sinclair E, Bacchetti P, Killian M, Epling L, Tan A, Ho T, Lemey P, Shao W, Hunt PW, Somsouk M, Wylie W, Douek DC, Loeb L, Custer J, Hoh R, Poole L, Deeks SG, Hecht F, Palmer S. The HIV-1 reservoir in eight patients on long-term suppressive antiretroviral therapy is stable with few genetic changes over time. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Dec 17; 110(51):E4987-96. View on Pubmed
  22. Hatano H, Yukl SA, Ferre AL, Graf EH, Somsouk M, Sinclair E, Abdel-Mohsen M, Liegler T, Harvill K, Hoh R, Palmer S, Bacchetti P, Hunt PW, Martin JN, McCune JM, Tracy RP, Busch MP, O'Doherty U, Shacklett BL, Wong JK, Deeks SG. Prospective antiretroviral treatment of asymptomatic, HIV-1 infected controllers. PLoS Pathog. 2013; 9(10):e1003691. View on Pubmed
  23. Siao D, Somsouk M. Helicobacter pylori: evidence-based review with a focus on immigrant populations. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Mar; 29(3):520-8. View on Pubmed
  24. Hatano H, Somsouk M, Sinclair E, Harvill K, Gilman L, Cohen M, Hoh R, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Wong JK, Deeks SG, Yukl SA. Comparison of HIV DNA and RNA in gut-associated lymphoid tissue of HIV-infected controllers and noncontrollers. AIDS. 2013 Sep 10; 27(14):2255-60. View on Pubmed
  25. Shah SC, Day LW, Somsouk M, Sewell JL. Meta-analysis: antibiotic therapy for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Oct; 38(8):925-34. View on Pubmed
  26. Vujkovic-Cvijin I, Dunham RM, Iwai S, Maher MC, Albright RG, Broadhurst MJ, Hernandez RD, Lederman MM, Huang Y, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Hunt PW, Lynch SV, McCune JM. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota is associated with HIV disease progression and tryptophan catabolism. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Jul 10; 5(193):193ra91. View on Pubmed
  27. Hunt PW, Shulman NS, Hayes TL, Dahl V, Somsouk M, Funderburg NT, McLaughlin B, Landay AL, Adeyemi O, Gilman LE, Clagett B, Rodriguez B, Martin JN, Schacker TW, Shacklett BL, Palmer S, Lederman MM, Deeks SG. The immunologic effects of maraviroc intensification in treated HIV-infected individuals with incomplete CD4+ T-cell recovery: a randomized trial. Blood. 2013 Jun 6; 121(23):4635-46. View on Pubmed
  28. Ho C, Kornfield R, Vittinghoff E, Inadomi J, Yee H, Somsouk M. Late presentation of colorectal cancer in a vulnerable population. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013 Apr; 108(4):466-70. View on Pubmed
  29. Eriksson S, Graf EH, Dahl V, Strain MC, Yukl SA, Lysenko ES, Bosch RJ, Lai J, Chioma S, Emad F, Abdel-Mohsen M, Hoh R, Hecht F, Hunt P, Somsouk M, Wong J, Johnston R, Siliciano RF, Richman DD, O'Doherty U, Palmer S, Deeks SG, Siliciano JD. Comparative analysis of measures of viral reservoirs in HIV-1 eradication studies. PLoS Pathog. 2013 Feb; 9(2):e1003174. View on Pubmed
  30. Leeansyah E, Ganesh A, Quigley MF, Sönnerborg A, Andersson J, Hunt PW, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Moll M, Shacklett BL, Sandberg JK. Activation, exhaustion, and persistent decline of the antimicrobial MR1-restricted MAIT-cell population in chronic HIV-1 infection. Blood. 2013 Feb 14; 121(7):1124-35. View on Pubmed
  31. Shaw JM, Hunt PW, Critchfield JW, McConnell DH, Garcia JC, Pollard RB, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Shacklett BL. Short communication: HIV+ viremic slow progressors maintain low regulatory T cell numbers in rectal mucosa but exhibit high T cell activation. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Jan; 29(1):172-7. View on Pubmed
  32. Inadomi JM, Vijan S, Janz NK, Fagerlin A, Thomas JP, Lin YV, Muñoz R, Lau C, Somsouk M, El-Nachef N, Hayward RA. Adherence to colorectal cancer screening: a randomized clinical trial of competing strategies. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Apr 9; 172(7):575-82. View on Pubmed
  33. Day LW, Kwon A, Inadomi JM, Walter LC, Somsouk M. Adverse events in older patients undergoing colonoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011 Oct; 74(4):885-96. View on Pubmed
  34. Day LW, Cello JP, Somsouk M, Inadomi JM. Prevalence of gastric cancer versus colorectal cancer in Asians with a positive fecal occult blood test. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2011 Sep; 30(5):209-16. View on Pubmed
  35. Shaw JM, Hunt PW, Critchfield JW, McConnell DH, Garcia JC, Pollard RB, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Shacklett BL. Increased frequency of regulatory T cells accompanies increased immune activation in rectal mucosae of HIV-positive noncontrollers. J Virol. 2011 Nov; 85(21):11422-34. View on Pubmed
  36. Somsouk M, Kornfield R, Vittinghoff E, Inadomi JM, Biggins SW. Moderate ascites identifies patients with low model for end-stage liver disease scores awaiting liver transplantation who have a high mortality risk. Liver Transpl. 2011 Feb; 17(2):129-36. View on Pubmed
  37. Somsouk M, Guy J, Biggins SW, Vittinghoff E, Kohn MA, Inadomi JM. Ascites improves upon [corrected] serum sodium plus [corrected] model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) for predicting mortality in patients with advanced liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Oct; 30(7):741-8. View on Pubmed
  38. Guy J, Somsouk M, Shiboski S, Kerlan R, Inadomi JM, Biggins SW. New model for end stage liver disease improves prognostic capability after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Nov; 7(11):1236-40. View on Pubmed
  39. Somsouk M, Yee HF, Biggins SW. Understanding liver health using the National Center for Health Statistics. Dig Dis Sci. 2009 Nov; 54(11):2325-9. View on Pubmed
  40. Inadomi JM, Somsouk M, Madanick RD, Thomas JP, Shaheen NJ. A cost-utility analysis of ablative therapy for Barrett's esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2009 Jun; 136(7):2101-2114.e1-6. View on Pubmed
  41. Somsouk M, Gralnek IM, Inadomi JM. Management of obscure occult gastrointestinal bleeding: a cost-minimization analysis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Jun; 6(6):661-70. View on Pubmed
  42. Somsouk M, Shergill AK, Grenert JP, Harris H, Cello JP, Shah JN. Actinomycosis mimicking a pancreatic head neoplasm diagnosed by EUS-guided FNA. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008 Jul; 68(1):186-7. View on Pubmed
  43. Somsouk M, Langfield DE, Inadomi JM, Yee HF. A cost-identification analysis of screening and surveillance of hepatitis C infection in a prospective cohort of dialysis patients. Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Apr; 53(4):1093-9. View on Pubmed
  44. Inadomi JM, Somsouk MA. Will virtual colonoscopy replace optical colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening? Gastroenterology. 2007 Oct; 133(4):1384-5; discussion 1385-6. View on Pubmed
  45. Inadomi JM, Somsouk MA. Proton pump inhibitors and hip fracture: cause for alarm? Gastroenterology. 2007 May; 132(5):2063-5; discussion 2065. View on Pubmed
  46. Steinmetz WE, Sparrow A, Somsouk M. Determination of the three-dimensional, solution-phase structure of the macrolide antibiotic oxolide in CD2Cl2 and D2O from NMR constraints. Magn Reson Chem. 2005 Jan; 43(1):16-20. View on Pubmed
  47. Ma XT, Wang S, Ye YJ, Du RY, Cui ZR, Somsouk M. Constitutive activation of Stat3 signaling pathway in human colorectal carcinoma. World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jun 1; 10(11):1569-73. View on Pubmed
  48. Delgado-Borrego A, Casson D, Schoenfeld D, Somsouk M, Terella A, Jordan SH, Bhan A, Baid S, Cosimi AB, Pascual M, Chung RT. Hepatitis C virus is independently associated with increased insulin resistance after liver transplantation. Transplantation. 2004 Mar 15; 77(5):703-10. View on Pubmed
  49. Heckman CA, Cao T, Somsouk L, Duan H, Mehew JW, Zhang CY, Boxer LM. Critical elements of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene enhancers for deregulated expression of bcl-2. Cancer Res. 2003 Oct 15; 63(20):6666-73. View on Pubmed
  50. Somsouk M, Lauer GM, Casson D, Terella A, Day CL, Walker BD, Chung RT. Spontaneous resolution of chronic hepatitis C virus disease after withdrawal of immunosuppression. Gastroenterology. 2003 Jun; 124(7):1946-9. View on Pubmed
  51. Bouziane M, Miao F, Bates SE, Somsouk L, Sang BC, Denissenko M, O'Connor TR. Promoter structure and cell cycle dependent expression of the human methylpurine-DNA glycosylase gene. Mutat Res. 2000 Sep 15; 461(1):15-29. View on Pubmed
  52. Frank G, Qiu J, Somsouk M, Weng Y, Somsouk L, Nolan JP, Shen B. Partial functional deficiency of E160D flap endonuclease-1 mutant in vitro and in vivo is due to defective cleavage of DNA substrates. J Biol Chem. 1998 Dec 4; 273(49):33064-72. View on Pubmed
  53. Frank G, Qiu J, Somsouk M, Weng Y, Somsouk L, Nolan JP, Shen B. Partial functional deficiency of E160D flap endonuclease-1 mutant in vitro and in vivo is due to defective cleavage of DNA substrates. J Biol Chem. 1998 Dec 4; 273(49):33064-72. View on Pubmed