Carol Camlin, PhD, MPH

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(415) 597-9217

550 16th. Street
San Francisco, CA 94158

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  • Associate Professor, UCSF School of Medicine

Biography

I am a social demographer in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, with a joint appointment in the Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at UCSF. Collectively, my research program crosses the disciplines of population studies, sociology and behavioral sciences, to investigate the impact of population mobility on HIV prevention and care outcomes. I have conducted several studies examining, in particular, the overlooked contribution of women’s mobility to the sustained HIV epidemics in southern and eastern Africa. I am Principal Investigator of the study “Understanding mobility and risk in SEARCH communities”, which examines the impact of population mobility on HIV transmission dynamics and care cascade outcomes in 12 communities participating in the Sustainable East Africa Research in Community Health (SEARCH) trial. I also contribute expertise in applying mixed methods approaches and behavioral and social theory within HIV intervention and implementation studies as Investigator of several randomized controlled trials in health systems and communities in sub-Saharan Africa. I have used qualitative research methods to design mHealth interventions in Kenya and Uganda, and have conducted research on structural and cultural aspects of health services utilization and other behaviors among HIV-infected patients in the region.

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  1. Camlin CS, Ayadi AM, Kwena ZA, McFarland W, Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. High Mobility and HIV Prevalence among Female Market Traders in East Africa in 2014. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Nov 21. View on Pubmed
  2. Amanyire G, Semitala FC, Namusobya J, Katuramu R, Kampiire L, Wallenta J, Charlebois E, Camlin C, Kahn J, Chang W, Glidden D, Kamya M, Havlir D, Geng E. Effects of a multicomponent intervention to streamline initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Africa: a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial. Lancet HIV. 2016 Aug 27. View on Pubmed
  3. Cassels S, Camlin CS. Geographical mobility and heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic. Lancet HIV. 2016 Aug; 3(8):e339-41. View on Pubmed
  4. Camlin CS, Seeley J, Viljoen L, Vernooij E, Simwinga M, Reynolds L, Reis R, Plank R, Orne-Gliemann J, McGrath N, Larmarange J, Hoddinott G, Getahun M, Charlebois ED, Bond V. Strengthening universal HIV 'test-and-treat' approaches with social science research. AIDS. 2016 Mar 27; 30(6):969-70. View on Pubmed
  5. Camlin CS, Neilands TB, Odeny TA, Lyamuya R, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Braitstein P, Somi G, Kambugu A, Bukusi EA, Glidden DV, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Wenger M, Geng EH. Patient-reported factors associated with reengagement among HIV-infected patients disengaged from care in East Africa. AIDS. 2016 Jan 28; 30(3):495-502. View on Pubmed
  6. Reynolds LJ, Camlin CS, Ware NC, Seeley J. Exploring critical questions for the implementation of "universal test and treat" approaches to HIV prevention and care. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:1-6. View on Pubmed
  7. Maeri I, El Ayadi A, Getahun M, Charlebois E, Akatukwasa C, Tumwebaze D, Itiakorit H, Owino L, Kwarisiima D, Ssemmondo E, Sang N, Kabami J, Clark TD, Petersen M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kamya M, Havlir D, Camlin CS. "How can I tell?" Consequences of HIV status disclosure among couples in eastern African communities in the context of an ongoing HIV "test-and-treat" trial. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:59-66. View on Pubmed
  8. Camlin CS, Ssemmondo E, Chamie G, El Ayadi AM, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Kabami J, Charlebois E, Petersen M, Clark TD, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, R Kamya M, Havlir D. Men "missing" from population-based HIV testing: insights from qualitative research. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:67-73. View on Pubmed
  9. Thirumurthy H, Jakubowski A, Camlin C, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Elly A, Mwai D, Clark T, Cohen C, Bukusi E, Kamya M, Petersen M, Havlir D, Charlebois ED. Expectations about future health and longevity in Kenyan and Ugandan communities receiving a universal test-and-treat intervention in the SEARCH trial. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:90-8. View on Pubmed
  10. Turan JM, Hatcher AM, Romito P, Mangone E, Durojaiye M, Odero M, Camlin CS.. Intimate partner violence and forced migration during pregnancy: Structural constraints to women's agency. Global Public Health. 2015; 1-16. View on Pubmed
  11. Syvertsen JL, Agot K, Ohaga S, Strathdee SA, Camlin CS, Omanga E, Odonde P, Rota G, Akoth K, Peng J, Wagner KD. Evidence of injection drug use in Kisumu, Kenya: Implications for HIV prevention. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Jun 1; 151:262-6. View on Pubmed
  12. Fiorella K.J., Camlin, C.S, Salmen C.R., Omondi R., Hickey M.D., Omollo D.O., Bukusi E.A., Fernald L.H., Brashares J.S.. Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya. World Development. 2015; (74):323-332. View on Pubmed
  13. Odeny TA, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Yuhas K, Camlin CS, McClelland RS. Texting improves testing: a randomized trial of two-way SMS to increase postpartum prevention of mother-to-child transmission retention and infant HIV testing. AIDS. 2014 Sep 24; 28(15):2307-12. View on Pubmed
  14. Odeny TA, Newman M, Bukusi EA, McClelland RS, Cohen CR, Camlin CS. Developing content for a mHealth intervention to promote postpartum retention in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs and early infant diagnosis of HIV: a qualitative study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e106383. View on Pubmed
  15. Camlin CS, Snow RC, Hosegood V. Gendered Patterns of Migration in Rural South Africa. Popul Space Place. 2014 Aug 1; 20(6):528-551. View on Pubmed
  16. Kwena Z, Mwanzo I, Shisanya C, Camlin C, Turan J, Achiro L, Bukusi E. Predictors of extra-marital partnerships among women married to fishermen along Lake Victoria in Kisumu County, Kenya. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e95298. View on Pubmed
  17. Camlin CS, Kwena ZA, Dworkin SL, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA. "She mixes her business": HIV transmission and acquisition risks among female migrants in western Kenya. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Feb; 102:146-56. View on Pubmed
  18. Camlin CS, Kwena ZA, Dworkin SL. Jaboya vs. jakambi: Status, negotiation, and HIV risks among female migrants in the "sex for fish" economy in Nyanza Province, Kenya. AIDS Educ Prev. 2013 Jun; 25(3):216-31. View on Pubmed
  19. Kwena ZA, Camlin CS, Shisanya CA, Mwanzo I, Bukusi EA. Short-term mobility and the risk of HIV infection among married couples in the fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Kenya. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e54523.
  20. Fathalla MM, Youssif MM, Meyer C, Camlin C, Turan J, Morris J, Butrick E, Miller S. Nonatonic obstetric haemorrhage: effectiveness of the nonpneumatic antishock garment in egypt. ISRN Obstet Gynecol. 2011; 2011:179349.
  21. Turan J, Ojengbede O, Fathalla M, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Nsima D, Morris J, Butrick E, Martin H, Camlin C, Miller S. Positive effects of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment on delays in accessing care for postpartum and postabortion hemorrhage in Egypt and Nigeria. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 Jan; 20(1):91-8.
  22. Ojengbede OA, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Meyer C, Nsima D, Camlin C, Butrick E, Miller S. Assessing the role of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment in reducing mortality from postpartum hemorrhage in Nigeria. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2011; 71(1):66-72.
  23. Miller S, Fathalla MM, Ojengbede OA, Camlin C, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Nsima D, Butrick E, Al Hussaini T, Turan J, Meyer C, Martin H, Mohammed AI. Obstetric hemorrhage and shock management: using the low technology Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in Nigerian and Egyptian tertiary care facilities. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2010; 10:64.
  24. Mourad-Youssif M, Ojengbede OA, Meyer CD, Fathalla M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Camlin C, Nsima D, Al Hussaini T, Butrick E, Miller S. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reprod Health. 2010; 7:24.
  25. Camlin CS, Hosegood V, Newell ML, McGrath N, Bärnighausen T, Snow RC. Gender, migration and HIV in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. PLoS One. 2010; 5(7):e11539.
  26. Miller S, Fathalla MM, Youssif MM, Turan J, Camlin C, Al-Hussaini TK, Butrick E, Meyer C. A comparative study of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment for the treatment of obstetric hemorrhage in Egypt. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010 Apr; 109(1):20-4.
  27. Camlin CS, Snow RC. Parental investment, club membership, and youth sexual risk behavior in Cape Town. Health Educ Behav. 2008 Aug; 35(4):522-40.
  28. Camlin CS, Garenne M, Moultrie TA. Fertility trend and pattern in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. Afr J Reprod Health. 2004 Aug; 8(2):38-54.
  29. Camlin CS, Chimbwete CE. Does knowing someone with AIDS affect condom use? An analysis from South Africa. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Jun; 15(3):231-44.
  30. Bailey SL, Camlin CS, Ennett ST. Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth. J Adolesc Health. 1998 Dec; 23(6):378-88.
  31. Camlin CS, Chimbwete CE. Does knowing someone with AIDS affect condom use? An analysis from South Africa. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Jun; 15(3):231-44.
  32. Bray RM, Camlin CS, Fairbank JA, Dunteman GH, Wheeless SC. The Effects of Stress on Job Functioning of Military Men and Women. Armed Forces Soc. 2001 Apr 1; 27(3):397-417.
  33. Bailey SL, Camlin CS, Ennett ST. Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth. J Adolesc Health. 1998 Dec; 23(6):378-88.